In general, there are two types of cooperation agreements that Europol can conclude with states and other bodies outside the EU: strategic and operational agreements. On 31 January 2020, the European Data Protection Supervisor (ECDP) published its opinion on the negotiating mandate for an international agreement on the exchange of personal data between Europol and New Zealand. The agreement provides the legal basis for the transfer of personal data between Europol and the New Zealand authorities responsible for combating serious forms of crime and terrorism. Their action and mutual cooperation in the prevention of these crimes will be supported and strengthened. The Director of Europol is able to conclude agreements for Europol with other countries and international organisations. Since September 2017, Europol has been cooperating operationally with Albania, Australia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Denmark, Colombia, Georgia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Northern Macedonia, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, Ukraine and the United States of America, as well as Interpol.     Similarly, the Agency has strategic agreements with Brazil, China, Russia, Turkey, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the World Customs Organization (WCO).    This network of liaison officers communicates via the SIENA system, a state-of-the-art tool that enables rapid, safe and user-friendly communication, as well as the exchange of operational and strategic information and information on crimes committed between Europol, Member States and third parties that have concluded cooperation agreements with Europol. The European Law Enforcement Cooperation Agency Europol and the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) have officially signed an agreement to further strengthen cooperation in the fight against intellectual property rights violations.
The Agency has also entered into other agreements with private companies. Although both types of agreements aim to improve cooperation between Europol and the country concerned, there is a big difference: strategic agreements are limited to the exchange of general and strategic and technical information, while operational agreements allow the exchange of information, including personal data. Europol`s partnerships and external agreements have different forms depending on the Agency`s relations with the country concerned.