1996 India China Agreement Upsc

The Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People`s Republic of China (hereafter referred to as both parties), convinced that they serve the fundamental interests of the peoples of India and China to promote a long-term constructive and cooperative partnership based on the five principles of peaceful coexistence, mutual respect and sensitivity to the concerns and aspirations of the other and equality. , with the desire to qualitatively enhance bilateral relations at all levels and in all areas, while respecting differences in a manner that is fair, reasonable and acceptable to both sides, and to renew the commitment to respect and implement the agreement on peacekeeping and calm, signed on 7 September 1993, along the line of effective control in the border regions between India and China , and the agreement on confidence-building measures in the military field, signed on 23 June 2003, along the effective line of control in the border areas between the Republic of China and the border between the Republic of China and the Republic of China, signed on 29 November 1996, reaffirming the declaration on the principles of relations and comprehensive cooperation between India and China , recalling that both parties have appointed special representatives to review the framework of the settlement of the India-China border and that the two special representatives in a friendly , Article V Both parties will take into account, among other things, historical evidence, national sentiments, practical difficulties and reasonable concerns and sensitivities on both sides , as well as the actual state of the border areas. Article VI The boundary should be along clearly defined and easily identifiable natural geographical features, which must be the subject of mutual agreement between the two parties. Article VII In order to reach a settlement of borders, both sides respect the interests of their populated populations in border areas. Article VIII In the agreed framework of the final settlement of borders, the delimitation of the border is carried out using means such as modern mapping and gauge practices and joint investigations. Article IX Pending a final settlement of the border issue, both sides should scrupulously respect and respect the effective line of control and cooperate to maintain peace and tranquility in border areas. The India-China Joint Working Group and the India-China Diplomatic and Military Panel continue their work under the agreements of 7 September 1993 and 29 November 1996, including clarification of the effective line of control and implementation of confidence-building measures. Once again, India and China are at a dead end at the border. But why do problems persist after four agreements to solve the border problem? This article explains the problem in the text of the agreement. Article X Special representatives on the issue of borders will continue to seriously consult on an agreed framework for a border settlement that will serve as the basis for the delimitation and delimitation of the border, which will then be carried out by civil and military officials and surveyors from both sides. Article XI This agreement enters into force on the date of signing and is amended and complemented by mutual agreement between the two parties.